If you are already in your 40s, you have probably seen little purple veins that mostly appear on your lower limbs. The varicose vein is a common vascular condition that affects close to 50 percent of women and 30 percent of men in America. It is common in older adults, but it can also affect young people.
Varicose veins mainly occur on the lower limbs because the veins in your legs have to work against gravity to return blood to the heart. There are two major types of veins in the body: the superficial and the deep veins. The superficial veins are located close to the skin surface, and they are easily visible.
Deep veins, on the other hand, are found near the bones. The deep and the superficial veins are connected by another type of vein known as the perforator vein. All the veins in the body have valves that allow blood to flow in one direction.
Unlike arteries which have smooth muscles that aid in the movement of blood, veins rely on the contraction of muscles in the arms and legs to push blood back to the heart. Varicose veins occur when blood accumulates inside these tubes, causing them to bulge.
What causes varicose veins?
Causes of varicose veins can be classified as primary, secondary, or congenital. An example of a primary cause of varicose veins is the hereditary factor. Sometimes, varicose veins can occur in several members of the same family. One of the probable reasons for primary varicose veins is due to a weakness in the walls of the veins.
Secondary causes of varicose veins include those that develop after deep vein thrombosis or after trauma. Sometimes, varicose veins can occur due to disorders present at birth. Regardless of the cause, malfunctioning venous valves may cause blood to pool in the vein, leading to the development of various vascular conditions.
Who is at risk of developing varicose veins?
People who have higher chances of developing varicose veins include:
• People from a family with a history of varicose veins
• Individuals who stand for prolonged periods
• Older adults
• Heavy lifters
• Female gender
• Women with multiple pregnancies
• Obese individuals
• People with high blood pressure
Treating varicose veins using endovenous ablation technique
Varicose veins can be treated using various modern technologies such as sclerotherapy, endoscopic vein surgery, ambulatory phlebectomy, endovenous laser ablation, and high ligation and vein stripping. Although these treatment procedures can help to deal with varicose veins, most patients prefer endovenous laser ablation because it is safe, less invasive, and leaves virtually no scars.
Endovenous laser ablation is an image-guided treatment procedure that utilizes laser energy to burn and close abnormal veins. A vein doc may recommend this procedure in cases where a patient seeks to get rid of varicose veins for cosmetic purposes. Endovenous laser ablation can be used to relieve symptoms such as aching, leg heaviness, skin irritation, swelling, and skin discoloration.
Seeking treatment at Metro Vein Centers
According to Sareh Rajaee, a vein doc at Metro Vein Centers, endovenous laser ablation is better than other treatment options for several reasons:
• It doesn’t require surgical incisions
• It’s more effective and has fewer complications
• It leaves virtually no scars
• Varicose veins disappear entirely in less than a year after the procedure
• You can return to your regular daily routine immediately with no pain
Metro Vein centers are among the few vein clinics utilizing endovenous laser ablation procedure to treat varicose veins. In every Metro Vein Centers office, you will find a highly trained and experienced vein doc who will help to diagnose and treat various types of vascular diseases. They have offices in New Jersey, Michigan, Texas, and New York.