Gynaecology Care: Know About Gynaecologic Cancer, Care and Treatment

Updated on September 7, 2023
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Gynaecological cancers begin in the female reproductive system with treatment based on where cancer starts. These can include the external genitals or the vulva, the birth canal or the vagina, the neck of the womb or the cervix, the womb or the uterus, the fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. 

You can get thorough and accurate details once your doctor has a precise diagnosis. When looking at these broadly in comparison to breast cancer, these are less seen, particularly in the UK. 

Still, there is a greater concern about these cancers because these areas are “hidden” from plain sight, so to speak, unlike the visibility breast cancer allows. 

For this reason, women must become informed about the symptoms of each cancer and the screenings available for early detection. 

This is when there’s a possibility for a full cure. It should also be understood that all women are at risk despite these cancers being most common in women after experiencing menopause. 

Go to for a guide on women’s reproductive cancer. 

How Are Gynaecologic Cancers Treated 

As you progress in age, your risk for gynaecological cancers increases; however, all women are at risk. Fortunately, reproductive cancers are detectable with yearly wellness by a gynaecologist. The general symptoms to pay attention to include the following: 

  1. Urinary frequency or urgency, or other symptoms, could relate to an infection or something more severe 
  2. Abdominal bloat, weight changes (extreme), appetite loss, indicative or reproductive organ issues 
  3. Pain with regular sexual activity can relate to a severe condition and should be relayed to a medical provider 
  4. Vaginal bloody discharge occurring at unusual times in between regular periods or following experiencing menopause 
  5. Pain with a full feeling in the pelvis or belly could be related to a mass or growth. 

When experiencing unusual spotting/bleeding outside usual menstruation, a gynaecologist should be contacted for an exam. Women should not have vaginal spotting/bleeding after having experienced menopause. Reach out to a medical provider straight away. 

A gynaecological exam should be scheduled each year for optimum reproductive health and any time you experience an issue. With any of the symptoms mentioned above, the specialist should be consulted as soon as possible. 

The following cancers are specific to a woman’s reproductive system, but gynaecological cancers are not limited to these. 

  1. Ovarian cancer 

Ovarian cancer can affect one or both ovaries. It is “fifth among the cancers responsible for women’s deaths.” Many of the women receiving a diagnosis for this disease are 63 +. 

  1. Uterine cancer 

Uterine cancer is seen less often with the occurrence within the supporting tissue of the muscle and the muscle itself. There is the potential for detection with an annual pap test, but typically it will be found following surgery for what doctors believe to be benign uterine tumours. 

  1. Cervical cancer 

Cervical cancer begins in the cervix or the uterus in the lower region. The cervix comprises two parts with two cell varieties covering it. The cancer starts due to cell mutation and overgrowth. 

Cell changes can usually be detected with the annual pap test, and with early detection, treatment can be performed before these turn into cancerous tumours. 

What Are the Risk Factors for Gynaecological Cancers 

The following denote risk factors associated with the female reproductive cancers: 

1, Infections, including HPV or sexually transmitted diseases left untreated 

2. Obesity 

3. Birth control used long-term, particularly IUD / hormonal 

4. Smoking 

5. Age – 40+ 

6. Family history / hereditary 

Testing is available for “hereditary cancer syndrome” for individuals with gynaecological cancers in their family history. It’s essential to work with your gynaecologist to determine your level of risk for specific cancers and the preventive measures to avoid cancer cells and tumours. 

  • Diagnosing 

The annual pap test and exam are the primary preventive measure and tool for the early detection of gynaecological cancers. It’s essential to see a gynaecologist each year for this exam, particularly so for those with a past including benign growth or cysts. 

The gynaecologist will perform routine testing, but unusual changes should be reported to help the provider determine your risk factor for reproductive cancers. 

  • Treating 

If cancer is found as a diagnosis, reputable, credentialed gynaecologists and associated board-certified surgical teams, medical/radiation oncology teams, and other specialty practitioners work to develop a personalized gynaecology cancer care plan. Some things to expect might include: 

  • Surgery 

When tumours are found, surgical procedures are often the treatment used to remove these along with the surrounding tissue to ensure complete removal of the cells. 

In more advanced situations, the organ could need to be removed. That can mean fallopian tubes, one or both ovaries or a complete hysterectomy. Today’s surgical practices prioritize being as minimally invasive as possible, meaning the smallest incision to experience the least pain. 

That can also mean the fewest complications with a briefer recovery compared to the traditional hysterectomy with minimal scarring. 

  • Chemotherapy 

This treatment uses a variety of medications delivered into the abdomen or via IV in cycles to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often a follow-up to surgery to ensure all cells have been killed. Specialists aim to incorporate the latest in medications to limit the adverse reactions of the chemo. 

  • Radiation 

High-energy X-rays are implemented to kill, shrink, or potentially aid in preventing the recurrence of cancer cells. The treatments are localized to the specific area affected by the cancer. They’re pain-free and brief courses delivered by “linear accelerators.” 

Final Thought 

Recognizing gynaecological cancer symptoms could result in early detection and a possibility for a full recovery, but these could come following a long progression. The best preventive measure and earliest method for detection is to see your gynaecologist each year for a pap test and an exam. 

Go here for FAQs on gynaecological questions posed for September’s awareness month. These professionals will keep you apprised of your reproductive health. Sexual health and reproductive health, can be difficult subjects for many women to discuss openly; some are almost embarrassed to broach the topic. 

Fortunately, there are many gynaecologists capable of making it easy and comfortable. You don’t want to allow modesty to stand in the way of preventing a deadly illness.

The Editorial Team at Healthcare Business Today is made up of skilled healthcare writers and experts, led by our managing editor, Daniel Casciato, who has over 25 years of experience in healthcare writing. Since 1998, we have produced compelling and informative content for numerous publications, establishing ourselves as a trusted resource for health and wellness information. We offer readers access to fresh health, medicine, science, and technology developments and the latest in patient news, emphasizing how these developments affect our lives.