The Main Types of Dental Crowns

Often, during a visit to the dentist, it turns out that the tooth is seriously damaged, and the usual dental filling will no longer help. The best solution in this situation is a porcelain crown.

Innovative designs that are made from various materials are the best solution for tooth decay of more than 50%. Dental crowns not only allow you to restore the natural beauty of a smile but also completely recover lost functions.

Do you want to crunch your favorite nuts again and smile in all the photos? Let’s find out which crowns are best for this!

Types of Dental Crowns

A dental crown is a specialized prosthesis that completely mimics a normal tooth in appearance and characteristics. It is installed on a pre-prepared tooth and performs not only an aesthetic and chewing function. It also protects your own damaged tooth from the effects of microorganisms, the appearance of plaque, and further destruction with the development of inflammatory processes.

The classification of crowns is developed taking into account the material from which they are made. To date, the most common products are:

  • Metal. Such crowns were often used decades ago when dentists did not have alternative materials. Today, a metal dental crown is more often used as a base and is covered with an additional connection to make the smile as natural as possible.
  • Metal-plastic. These are the most budgetary crowns that consist of metal and plastic coating. Lightweight, affordable, and easy to restore, they cannot boast of durability. The average service life of such crowns is about five years, which allows them to be used as a temporary solution.
  • Cermet. Popular among patients, these crowns are reliable, safe, and natural in appearance. They are made of a medical alloy, including precious and non-precious metals, and several layers of ceramics. Such crowns will last 10 years or more, but they are not subject to restoration.
  • Metal composite. Outwardly, they resemble metal-ceramic prostheses, but they use photopolymer material as the top layer. Metal composite crowns can be installed on any teeth and implants; they have a thin base and natural color. However, over time, they can be painted in other shades, which requires the patient to pay special attention to their diet.
  • Metal-free. Such crowns are deprived of the main drawback of metal-containing structures — allergy. Popular metal-free dentures include ceramic, aluminum oxide, and zirconia models.

Features of Care

The rules for caring for crowns directly depend on the material chosen. But regardless of the type of model, the patient is advised to limit the use of tea and coffee, too hot and cold foods and drinks, viscous and hard foods, and smoking.