Radiology is the scientific technique of imaging the human body to diagnose many diseases and ailments. The body imaging is then used by the doctors to diagnose the severity and type of disease. The specialists who conduct radiology are called radiologists.
Every year 9 million Australians visit radiology departments to get a precise diagnosis’. There are over 24 million individual radiology facilities in Australia. These include X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, MRI scans, etc. The number of radiologists is growing at 8.8% in Australia.
Types of radiology:
Radiology is divided into two areas:
1. Diagnostic radiology:
Diagnostic imaging is used to examine the internal structure of the body. These images are developed by special healthcare professionals called diagnostic radiologists.
The method is used to:
- Determine what kind of disease one is suffering from.
- Gauge the cause of the disease.
- Monitor how well the treatment is the body responding to.
- Look over any new developments in an already existing disease of the heart or cancer.
Types of diagnostic radiology:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Nuclear medicine imaging
2. Interventional radiology:
Under this type of radiology procedure, various sub-procedures are performed to form the image of the inside of the body. These procedures enable us to conduct the Diagnostic Radiology procedure in a better and more accurate manner. It has various aspects like inserting stents and plastic tubes or catheters, extracting organ biopsies and treating tumours. This method is used to:
- Treat cancers and tumours.
- Remove blockages in arteries and veins.
- Treating back pain, fibroids, and kidney problems.
- It helps doctors insert catheters, wires and other instruments in the body to get a better internal image.
Types of interventional radiology:
- Angioplasty and Stent Insertion
- Ascitic Tap
- Biliary Drainage
- Bursal Injection
- Carotid Stenting
- Carpal Tunnel Ultrasound and Injection
- Image-Guided Cervical Nerve Root Sleeve Corticosteroid Injection
- Image-Guided Liver Biopsy
- Image-Guided Lumbar Epidural Corticosteroid Injection
- Image-guided lumbar nerve root sleeve injection
- Vena Cava Filters
- Joint Injection
- Pleural Aspiration
- Radiofrequency Ablation
- SAH Vasospasm Endovascular Treatment
- Selective Internal Radiation Therapy [SIRT]: SIR-Spheres®
- Spinal Cord Embolisation (AVM/DAVF)
- Thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
- Transarterial Chemoembolisation (TACE)
- Uterine Fibroid Embolisation
- Varicose Vein Ablation
- Vascular Closure Devices
- Venous Access
Benefits of radiology:
- Removes any doubt about conducting any surgery on the patient.
- Help do a better diagnostics of the internal body of the patient.
- The second type of interventional radiology is also a shorter treatment plan. It has a shorter recovery time and better precision than any other surgeries.
- It provides a visual of the condition and function of the internal body of the patient and helps channel the treatment.
- It is the best method to gauge the formation of cancer.
- Mammography has significantly reduced the mortality rate in women by detecting cancer early.
- Heart strokes and diseases of the heart are better diagnosed with radiology.
- Radiology can produce images of the internal organs and give a precise perspective of the condition of them. Visit website to know more about radiology.
Conducting radiological tests are common these days. The reason for this is the precision and anti-intrusive procedure it involves to determine the internal functioning of the body. Additionally, external examinations cannot be depended on to screen what is happening internally. It gives the doctors a better idea of what’s going on in the body and prescribe medication accordingly.