Colouring, hot air drying, straightening and styling – these are only some of the negative factors that hair is exposed to everyday. As a result, sooner or later, they may protest against these treatments, which will result in deteriorated condition, unhealthy appearance, and even falling out, in some cases. How to take care of your hair to improve their condition and what to avoid in your daily care?
Step 1 – Determine your hair porosity
Until recently, the greatest emphasis when choosing hair care was on the tendency of the hair to get oily. Hair was categorised as dry, normal, or oily, and on that basis most women and men chose shampoos, conditioners and masks. The current approach is much different and is mainly based on determining the hair porosity, which can be low, medium or high.
Low porosity hair is characterised by a closed cuticle – the hair is usually smooth, with no tendency to curl or frizz. It’s easy to bring out the shine of such hair and it’s generally sleek and weighed down. In this case, hair care is based primarily on moisturising ingredients, such as aloe or panthenol. The best shampoos for low porosity hair are silicone-free cleansing products – e.g. birch shampoo or horsetail shampoo.
High porosity hair is the complete opposite – the cuticle is parted, the hair has a tendency to pick up static and frizz, it’s usually curly and very dry.
It requires the use of thicker masks containing vegetable oils and in general, it also likes products with keratin. This type of hair isn’t prone to get oily – its owners can only wash their hair 1-2 times a week. Some people find it a good idea to replace shampoo with a special conditioner with mild cleansing substances.
Medium porosity hair is the one in between two other types described above. It’s often hair that used to fall into the low porosity category but has been damaged by hairdressing or inadequate care. The cuticle of the hair is in this case slightly parted, the hair may have a tendency to get wavy. It’s the most common type of hair among Polish women.
Step 2 – Choosing the right cosmetics
Effective hair care goes hand in hand with choosing the right cosmetics for the hair porosity type. When choosing shampoos, masks and conditioners, it’s worth looking into the composition of products. Online, you can easily find lists of ingredients that are recommended for a given type of porosity. It makes it much easier to choose the right cosmetics for your hair care.
People who don’t know how to take care of their hair can take a shortcut and equip themselves with products dedicated to a given type of porosity. This option is great for women and men who don’t want to or don’t have time to analyse cosmetic compositions and expand their knowledge in this field. It’s also worth it so get familiar with a wide offer of hair supplements (e.g.
Step 3 – Hair oiling
Owners of damaged and dry hair who don’t know how to care for their hair should get familiar with oiling. It’s a treatment performed at home, consisting in applying a suitable vegetable oil to the hair, which after about an hour is emulsified with a conditioner, and then washed off with shampoo. Then, an emollient mask is applied. The most popular oils are coconut (especially dedicated to low porosity hair), linseed and argan (suitable for medium and high porosity hair). Olive oil is also good for this purpose – it’s worth testing it before other oils, especially if it’s already on your kitchen shelf.
Hair care is a very complex topic and you should be guided by your individual needs. It’s very important to be regular and avoid aggressive styling treatments, or at least limit them significantly, so that the hair has time to regenerate.
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