The millions of cells that we have in our body function for different specific purposes, but when it comes to stem cells, they are the most unique ones. How?
Well, they don’t have a specific role but can transform into almost any cell that is required. They are the undifferentiated cells that have the power to turn into specific cells as per the body’s demands. Scientists, doctors, and clinicians have been doing extensive research on stem cells as they play a significant role to give them an idea about how the human body functions work and sometimes, how they can go wrong! Stem cells are also an important research element because they can help treat various deadly diseases that have no cure. So stem cell culturing has become an integral part of the biochemistry and medical world in recent times. And the premium providers of novel cell processing and systems like Thermogenesis are making the scenario smarter and easier with each passing day.
What is the origin of stem cells?
Stem cells originate in the human body from two main sources: adult body tissues and embryos. Scientists are now trying to identify advanced ways how stem cells can be developed from other cells leveraging the power of genetic reprogramming techniques. At the very early phase of human development, cells in an embryo remain in a primitive state and they are referred to as embryonic stem cells. The companies like Thermogenesis help people isolate and culture such cells from the umbilical cord just after the birth of a new-born so the baby is protected from any dangerous disease in the future. Embryonic stem cells can develop into three types of cells, ectodermal cells, endodermal cells, and mesodermal cells in a human body.
How do Stem Cells Help Treat Diseases?
Apart from embryonic stem cells, there is one type of stem cell that is widely used for the treatment of several deadly diseases in hospitals as therapy and they are the hematopoietic stem cells. People who are suffering from bone marrow cancer (leukemia) are treated with chemotherapy to get rid of the cancerous cells. But in this process, almost all the hematopoietic stem cells of the patient’s body even die. So to replace the hematopoietic stem cells after the chemotherapy is over, doctors collect some of them from the bone marrow of the patient, process those to get rid of impurities using the advanced cell processing technologies offered by the pioneers of automated cell processing practice like Thermogenesis, and store them. When these cells are inserted into the patient’s body after treatment, they divide rapidly to form enough stem cells that can get mature into red and white blood cells.
When it comes to mesenchymal stem cells, they are given to patients depending upon the disease they are used to treat. These cells are placed inside the bone fracture when they are used for the repair of bone fractures. Mesenchymal stem cells are also used to fight against autoimmune responses or immune responses against transplanted organs. In the case of such patients, mesenchymal cells are injected into the patient’s bloodstream.
There is a lot of evidence already available which proves that stem cells are used to treat various diseases and much more research is still going on to understand how stem cells can be used to treat such diseases that have no treatment or medication available yet. So let’s hope for the best!
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