Colon Cancer: Forms and Treatment

Updated on November 29, 2022

Colorectal cancer is when cells inside the colon or rectum grow abrasively and excessively. It is known to be colon cancer too. The large intestine or the large bowel is the colon. Rectum refers to the passageway that links the colon to the anus. If diagnosed earlier, it can effectively cure colon cancer with the support of the right doctors! what are treatments for colon cancer

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Forms of Colon Cancer: 

Numerous types of colon cancers can be diagnosed in an individual, some of which include: 

  • Adenocarcinoma Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST)
  • Lymphoma
  • Carcinoids
  • Turcot Syndrome
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS)
  • Familial Colorectal Cancer (FCC)
  • Juvenile Polyposis Coli


These are tumours that begin to form tumours on the lining of internal organs. The word “Adeno” refers to glands. The tumours start in cells with glandular character traits, which allows the cells to secrete. They can develop in different organs, even in the lung or breasts. At its early stage, these tumours develop into small adenomatous polyps that grow and later become malignant. Commonly, colon cancer occurring in patients is somewhat under this category. 

Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST): 

These initiate at the muscle tissue of the digestive tract and rarely appear in the colon but fall under the domain of Colon cancer. At their early stages, they seem non-cancerous; however, they turn to cancer, namely, sarcomas. They can be treated via surgery if not widespread. 


Lymphoma begins at the lymph nodes, which are a part of the immune system. However, it does start at the colon or rectum too! This disease tends to occur when abnormal white blood cells grow. These are the sixth most common type of colon cancer that may occur. 


These are tumours that tend to begin at special-hormone-producing cells in the intestine. They often cause no symptoms. It is caused by neuroendocrine glands, which means though their growth is slow, they are considered to be a type of cancer. In adults, carcinoid tumours are most often diagnosed in the digestive tract. This tumour may widely spread over to other parts of the body, but the impact of this is higher in adults than in children, which is dangerous.

Turcot syndrome: 

This rare disorder is a type of colon cancer in which mutations occur. This is genetically heterogenous and has mutations in the APC, MLH1, and MSH2 genes. Individuals suffering from this can often worsen their cases primarily because it gets severe with each stage it crosses if not handled at its earlier root cause of the problem. 

Familial Colorectal Cancer (FCC): 

Around 15% of colorectal cancer patients have a family history associated with colorectal cancer, but they tend not to have the colorectal syndrome. They might appear to express a dominant pattern of being inherited. 

Symptoms of Colon Cancer: 

The symptoms of colon cancer can be aggravating; here’s how: 

  • If there is a change in the bowel routine, inclusive of diarrhea, constipation or feeling of partial emptying, it may be linked to colon cancer.
  • If thin bowel stools begin to occur, or if there is a change in the appearance and consistency of bowel movements. 
  • If blood in the stool begins to appear, colon cancer may be an issue. 
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Bloating, or even cramping, plays a major role. 
  • Anal or rectal pain may be a cause of concern too!
  • If there is a lump in the anus or rectum, it could be directly related to colorectal cancer. 
  • Unexplained weight loss. 
  • Tiredness, restlessness, or even anemia are some signs. 
  • Blood in urine or a change in urine colour is associated with the risk of getting this type of cancer.

The diagnosis of this disease begins with a physical examination in which individuals have to monitor the bloating of their abdomen or unexplained swelling. The doctor will also look out for any lumps in the abdominal area via a digital rectal examination, which is crucial. You can look out for the best doctors for you at, where you can select from simply the best professional in their field for the treatment of colon cancer. 

How to Treat Colon Cancer: 

The answer to the question ‘can color cancer be cured?’ varies according to the colon cancer oncology. Following are the colon cancer treatment options that are most effective at work. 

  • Surgery

Surgery is the primary therapy for bowel cancer in its early stages. A colectomy is the most popular procedure for cancer that develops in the colon. Whether the entire colon or just a portion must be removed will determine what kind of colectomy is necessary.

  • Radiation Treatment (Radiotherapy)

For advanced disease rectal cancer, radiation therapy (also known as radiotherapy) is frequently performed before surgery. It may be combined with chemotherapy to cut down on the number or size of cancer cells.

  • Adjuvant Therapy

When treating rectal or colon cancer, chemotherapy may be advised following surgery. This seeks to lower the possibility of cancer coming back.

  • Palliative Medicine

Your medical team might discuss palliative care with you if you have certain types of bowel cancer. Without trying to treat cancer, palliative care attempts to enhance your living experience by easing its symptoms.

In addition to alleviating pain and assisting in managing other symptoms, palliative care can decrease the progression and proves to be an appropriate medication for colon cancer. Chemotherapy, radiation, and other pharmacological therapies are all possible forms of treatment for colon cancer.

  • Advanced Bowel Cancer Therapy:

Advanced colon cancer is treated systemically with medications that travel from the bloodstream to the body’s cancer cells. Chemotherapeutic and targeted therapies can be used as systemic treatments. Through Surgery: If the cancer is spread to the rest of your body, you might be given the option to have surgery to remove minor secondary malignancies.

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The Editorial Team at Healthcare Business Today is made up of skilled healthcare writers and experts, led by our managing editor, Daniel Casciato, who has over 25 years of experience in healthcare writing. Since 1998, we have produced compelling and informative content for numerous publications, establishing ourselves as a trusted resource for health and wellness information. We offer readers access to fresh health, medicine, science, and technology developments and the latest in patient news, emphasizing how these developments affect our lives.