Cryopreservation is a top example of a scientific advance with a massive impact in the field of medical research. At its core, cryopreservation is a simple concept: it refers to the process of storing living organisms, cells, and tissues at low temperatures. Cooling the samples helps maintain their structural integrity and functions for later medical or scientific uses. Cryopreservation owes its success to liquid nitrogen tank cell storage.
In this article, we’ll discuss some of the medical applications of cryopreservation.
Organ and Tissue Preservation
Cryopreservation has a wide range of applications in medicine. The first significant application we should mention is organ and tissue preservation. At the moment, cryopreservation is the most viable long-term preservation solution for organ transplantation.
The lack of preservation capability often forces medical professionals to discard potentially viable organs that could save lives. Cryopreservation can substantially improve the odds of successful organ transplantation. It can also increase worldwide access to this medical procedure because it allows medical professionals to transport donor organs and tissues long-distance.
The ability to store tissues and cells safely can help medical researchers in the discovery and development of new, life-saving drugs. Viable tissue slices are vital in pharmaceutical research because they mirror the characteristics of the organ from which they were derived.
By studying the effects of drugs on biological samples, researchers can reach valuable conclusions about the potential of a new drug. Moreover, the cryopreservation of tissue slices gives researchers a bigger window of time for studying a specific sample.
Cryopreservation can also enable medical progress by facilitating cell-based therapy. Cell therapy refers to the process of introducing new, healthy cells into a patient’s body to replace damaged or missing cells. Cell therapy is possible thanks to stem cells, unspecialized cells that can take up any cell function.
Cryopreservation allows medical researchers to store stem cells for various cell-therapy medical applications. Thus, cryopreservation is essential in regenerative medicine. Cell-based therapy is one of the most promising fields in medical research, and cryopreservation makes it possible.
An important aspect worth mentioning is that cryopreservation also facilitated assisted reproductive procedures used to address infertility. For example, the cryopreservation of gametes or embryos makes IVF (in vitro fertilization) possible. Cryopreserving semen for artificial insemination is also common. The cryopreservation of ovarian tissue to safeguard fertility in women is another beneficial application.
Cryopreservation enables researchers to store stem cells, bone marrow, and epithelial cells for stem cell therapy, blood samples, cancerous tissues samples, and all types of cells and tissues.
Due to its many medical and scientific applications, cryopreservation helps medical researchers and scientists do revolutionary work that improves patients’ lives. Without cryopreservation, it would be challenging, if not downright impossible, to do medical procedures that are so common today.
It’s always interesting to see how far medicine and technology can go together. Cryopreservation combines the power of these two fields to help us push the limits of our knowledge. We can expect more transformative applications in the future.